13
Apr
2021
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Tariff Agreement Svenska

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In addition to tariffs, EU free trade agreements also cover issues such as non-tariff barriers, services, investment, public procurement and intellectual property. In addition, the agreements ensure an open, stable and predictable legal environment. They help create new business opportunities and develop trade and investment with different countries or regions. Sweden is a member of the EU and does not enter into free trade agreements. However, Sweden is actively involved in the preparations and work carried out during the ongoing EU-led negotiations. The National Trade Committee`s mission is to provide the Swedish government with qualified analysis to negotiate and make trade policy decisions. Free trade agreements are concluded between countries with the aim of creating a free trade area in which trade between countries will be liberalised and thus facilitated. Liberalisation includes reducing tariffs on products originating in the free trade area or gradually reducing them. Negotiations on changes and improvements to global trade agreements began in 2001, but subsequently failed. [11] The negotiations are called the Doha Development Agenda. Previous rounds of negotiations are called Kennedy Round (1964-1967), Tokyo Round (1973-1979) and Uruguay Round (1986-1994). They have led to the creation of agreements and liberalizations in world trade, particularly in the form of tariff reductions between members.

The Kennedy Round focused only on the trade in goods under the gatt. The Tokyo and Uruguay negotiations also focused on services and intellectual property rights. The agreement focuses on tariffs and import quotas, but other areas have been integrated over time. Two fundamental principles are the principle of the most favoured nation (MGN) and the principle of domestic treatment. The MGN principle means that a Member State cannot grant any additional benefits (for example. B in the form of reduced duties or preferential import quotas) without granting the same benefits to all contracting parties. The principle of national treatment means that once a product has crossed customs and land borders, it cannot be treated less favourably than the corresponding domestic products, for example. B through taxes or taxes. Most of the issues the WTO focuses on stem from previous trade negotiations, including the Uruguay Round (1986-1994). The organization is currently trying to stick to the trade negotiations, known as the Doha negotiations, which began in 2001 to increase the participation of poor countries, which make up the majority of the world`s population.

However, the negotiations struggled to get participants to agree on agricultural issues and the future of the Doha Round is uncertain. [9] Sweden is also included in EU/EC dispute settlement cases. On this page you will find information on Sweden`s participation in the WTO. Sweden has been a member of the WTO since 1 January 1995 and a member of the GATT since 30 April 1950. It is a member state of the European Union (more information). All EU member states are members of the WTO, as is the EU (officially named European Communities in the WTO for legal reasons until 30 November 2009) in its own law. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a multilateral trade agreement that governs cross-border trade in goods.

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